About a year or so ago I wrote about an event known as The Gingery Mob in which the Gingery brothers, Henry and Roger, killed a police officer and his helper because their brother Reuben was arrested for failing to be vaccinated. Henry and Roger escaped, but their brothers Reuben and Frank were killed for their crimes. In addition to this a man from Henning identified as a neighbor of the Gingery’s was also killed for being an accessory to the crime.
Just who was the accomplice from Henning?
Sometimes the answer we are looking for is right under our nose and in this case it was. I have a list of the lynchings that occurred in the West Tennessee area, of course the listing is incomplete, but it didn’t occur to me until now to check that list and see who was hung around the time of the Gingery Mob. Wouldn’t you know it? My answer was on that list.
Anderson Gause was lynched January 16, 1900 just 7 days after the Gingery brothers. Could he be the accomplice?
I went a little further to substantiate my idea and I discovered newspaper articles linking Anderson Gause to the crime. According to the papers
“Anderson Gause colored was lynched by a mob near HENNING Tenn for aiding two murderers to escape”
With my idea corroborated by published news accounts I figured that this was my guy the accomplice, but just who was Anderson Gause?
Ordinarily you would think that tracking down someone named Anderson Gause would not be that complicated, but there were a lot of people with the last name Gause in Lauderdale County at this time, Black and White. United States Census Records did not provide the best information because several people just listed themselves on the census as “A. Gause”. I then decided to check the Tennessee State Marriage records, but in those records I also found a lot of people named “A. Gause” listed. So then I decided to check FindAGrave.com to see if there was an A. Gause listed in Bethlehem Cemetery, Canaan Cemetery, or Canfield 2 places he possibly would have been buried since he was killed in Henning. I turned up no records on Find A Grave and of course no Tennessee State Death records because he died before death records became mandatory.
Just who was Anderson Gause? How did he help the Gingery brothers escape? Did he help them get onto a train? Take them by wagon to another city? Give them his horses? Did he even help them or was he just at the wrong place, at the wrong time while the community was looking to kill anyone who might have remotely had anything to do with the Gingery brothers? Who knows for sure, but as always I will be sure to share more information as it becomes available.
– Sources: The Lynching Calendar: http://www.autopsis.org/foot/lynchdates2.html, The Clifton, Illinois Advocate Jan 20, 1900 edition
Sources: 1880 US Census, State of Tennessee Marriage Records for Lauderdale County, Lauderdale County Enterprise Friday, September 24, 1926 edition