Tag Archives: USCT

The African American Civil War Memorial and Museum

1 Feb

I’ve written twice on the website about connections between Lauderdale County and the United States Colored Troops (USCT) here and here. While visiting Washington DC for a conference, I finally had the opportunity to visit the African American Civil War Memorial and Museum. Not only is there an excellent exhibit at the museum, but right across the street from the museum is the USCT Memorial complete with a statue and plaques that bear the names of every member of the USCT, who served in the Civil War.

Of particular interest to me was finding the name of Major Gilliland/Gilden/Bates who happens to be my children’s 4th great uncle. Major was enslaved by David Gilliland in Lauderdale County, Tennessee as referenced in his USCT records. He enlisted in the 4th Regiment, United States Colored Heavy Artillery. Despite the cold and rain, I found his name.

Major Gilden

Major Gilden

After locating Major’s name I then began to search for Wallace Nixon’s name. Wallace Nixon enlisted in the 3rd Regiment, United States Colored Heavy Artillery. I was able to locate him as well.

Wallace Nixon UCST

Wallace Nixon UCST

I am sure that there are other USCT troops from Lauderdale County and neighboring counties also featured there, but unfortunately, I could only remember these two names during my stop at the museum and memorial. If you are ever in Washington DC, admission to the African American Civil War Memorial and Museum is free, although they do request a donation.

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  • Tiffany
  • Image Sources: My Own
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United States Colored Troops

23 May

In recognition of the 150th anniversary of the founding of the United States Colored Troops Fold3.com has announced that they have finished digitizing all records related to the USCT. From May 22 to 31, the digital collection of the USCT Service Records will be free on www.Fold3.com. After that, you will need a subscription to access Fold3, or you can use a computer in any National Archives facility nationwide to access these records for free.

What types of records can you find in the USCT digital collection?

Manumission Papers

Oaths of Allegiance

Proof of Ownership

Bills of Sale

Abstracts of a soldier’s service

Pictures

Payrolls Records

Prison Registers and Rolls

Parole Rolls

Inspection Reports

 

Unique to my own family genealogy I found a record of the slaveholder who owned my family.

Major Gilliland USCT Record

Major Gilliland USCT Record

I covered this story in more detail on my other blog http://distanthistory.wordpress.com/2012/02/06/major-gilden-mystery-solved/

So what are you waiting for? Check the records out if you know that you have a member of your family that was a member of the USCT. If you find information about previous slaveholders or even photographs please do share!

 

– Tiffany

Wallace Nixon – USCT

10 Feb

While out in Canaan Cemetery in Lauderdale County, TN looking for the graves of my family I came across the grave of Wallace Nixon. What attracted me to his grave is that he had a military marker. I decided to look Mr. Nixon up to see what I could find. I discovered the following about Wallace Nixon,

He was born in Montgomery, TN about 1840. He was about 20 years of age when he enlisted at Ft. Pickering, TN in September 1864 for three years. He was discharged in June 1865 due to disability which was listed as rupture of the groin. He served in Company D of the 3rd US Colored Heavy Artillery. He joined the army as a recruit. I also discovered that he went to military court and was charged with what appears to say “torn clothes off of guard” to which he plead guilty. His sentence was that he had to forfeit $1.00 of his monthly pay. After he was discharged he returned to Lauderdale County. According to the 1870 US Census he was a farm laborer with a personal estate worth 300 dollars. Wallace died November 8, 1930 and was buried at Canaan Cemetery in Henning, TN.

I was hoping that Wallace’s records would contain the name of his previous slave owner, but it did not. I did however, discover that there was a RWW Nixon who lived in Montgomery, TN who was a slave owner. There was also a John Nixon is Lauderdale County who owned slaves. Maybe there is a connection that can be made between the two owners that will give us more information about Wallace’s life.

Wallace Nixon's Grave

Wallace Nixon’s Grave

 

– Tiffany

– Source: Photograph – my own. Military Records – Fold3. com Census Records – Ancestry. com